What is git? GitHub? Installation of git

  In a Devops lifecycle Initial step was the plan, once the planning process completed moving to the next process, The second process called...

 In a Devops lifecycle Initial step was the plan, once the planning process completed moving to the next process, The second process called “code”.

we create a code to build an application. Some of the tools used to build an application in a Devops life cycle. Git is one of the most used tools in the devops life cycle to create the code.

What is Git?

        Git was created by Linus Torvalds, initially released on 7th April 2005.

        Git is a software, command-line tool, maintained by Linux, it was open-source. 

        Git is a version control system, It is used to track the changes of the files, Git has a history of change records, so can easily identify the changes.

        Git also makes collaboration easier, allowing changes by multiple people to all be merged into one source.

        Git enables the communication between the development and the operations team.

        Git was available for the following os Linux, macOS, Solaris, AIX, Windows

        It was a version control system, so developers allow work simultaneously.

       It is distributed so that connectivity doesn’t block work, 

        Git is team-centric so that collaboration comes naturally.


Advantage of Git:

        1.Free and open source

        2.Small and Fast

        3.Branching easy 

        4.Secure 

        5.History Tracking


What is Github?

        Github was initially launched on April 10, 2008, by Tom Preston-Werner, Chris Wanstrath, P. J. Hyett, and Scott Chacon. 

        Github is a provider of internet hosting for software development and version control using git. 

       It provides distributed version control, SCM(source code management) functionality of git, access control, bug tracking, task management, continuous integration.

       In Devops GitHub plays a major role to store the code in the cloud.


What is repositories? 

      In Github, a repository contains all of your project's files and each file's revision history. You can discuss and manage your project's work within the repository.

      In a Devops your repository used to integrate with your Jenkins projects.


Installation of Git:

Git can use in Windows, Mac, Linux operating systems.

For windows download the git from the official git website.


macOS: There are several options for installing Git on macOS. Homebrew Install homebrew if you don't already have it, then: Command: $ brew install git If you would like to install git-gui and gitk, git's commit GUI and interactive history browser, you can do so using homebrew Command: $ brew install git-gui


Linux:

It is easiest to install Git on Linux using the preferred package manager of your Linux distribution. If you prefer to build from source, you can find tarballs on kernel.org. The latest version is 2.31.0.

Debian/Ubuntu

For the latest stable version for your release of Debian/Ubuntu

command: apt-get install git

Fedora

Command: yum install git (up to Fedora 21)

Command: dnf install git (Fedora 22 and later)

Gentoo

Command  emerge --ask --verbose dev-vcs/git

Arch Linux

Command:  pacman -S git

openSUSE

Command: zypper install git

Mageia

Command: urpmi git

Nix/NixOS

Command: nix-env -i git

FreeBSD

Command: pkg install git

Solaris 9/10/11 (OpenCSW)

Command: pkgutil -i git

Solaris 11 Express

Command: pkg install developer/versioning/git

OpenBSD

Command: pkg_add git

Alpine

Command: apk add git


To verify the git Installed or not

Command: git --version


Git mainly a commands-based tool, so git has some of the commands to execute the operations. In the next blog, we have covered the Git commands.












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